Writing Kannada words using phonetic keyboard is as easy as writing our names in English. For example, ಚೆಲುವ ಕನ್ನಡ ನಾಡು can be written as cheluva kannaDa nADu.

 

See: Phonetic Examples


 

Vowel:

ಅ=a, ಆ=A,aa, ಇ=i, ಈ=I,ee, ಉ=u, ಊ=U,oo, ಋ=Ru, ೠ=RU, ಎ=e, ಏ=E, ಐ=ai, ಒ=o, ಓ=O, ಔ=au,ou

 

= M

= H

 

Consonant:

ಕ್=k, ಖ್=K,kh, ಗ್=g, ಘ್=G,gh, ಙ್=~g

ಚ್=c,ch, ಛ್=C,Ch, ಜ್=j, ಝ್=J,jh, ಞ್=~j

ಟ್=T, ಠ್=Th, ಡ್=D, ಢ್=Dh, ಣ್=N

ತ್=t, ಥ್=th, ದ್=d, ಧ್=dh, ನ್=n

ಪ್=p, ಫ್=P,ph, ಬ್=b, ಭ್=B,bh, ಮ್=m

 

ಯ್=y,Y, ರ್=r, ಱ್=rx, ಲ್=l, ವ್=v,w, ಶ್=S,sh, ಷ್=Sh, ಸ್=s, ಹ್=h,~h, ಳ್=L, ೞ್=Lx

 

ಜ್ಞ = j~ja

ಕ್ಷ = kSha

 

Others:

ಫ಼್ = f,Px

ಜ಼್ = z,jx

ಽ = &

₨ = Rs

Danda = |

Double Danda = ||

Zero Width Joiner = ^

Zero Width Non Joiner = ^^

 

Punctuation Marks:

The English symbols [ ] { } ( ) - + * / = ; : . , " ? ! % \ ~ _ translate into the same symbols in Kannada also.

 

Quotation Marks:

` ' characters are converted to single smart quotes (‘ ’) characters. We can get double smart quotes (“ ”) by using them twice.


When a consonant character is used alone, it results in a dead consonant (mula vyanjana).

 

Example

k, c, T, t, p = ಕ್, ಚ್, ಟ್, ತ್, ಪ್

 

When a consonant character is followed by a vowel character, it results in a live consonant (gunitakshara).

 

Example

ka kA ki kI ku kU kRu kRU ke kE kai ko kO kau kaM kaH

ಕ ಕಾ ಕಿ ಕೀ ಕು ಕೂ ಕೃ ಕೄ ಕೆ ಕೇ ಕೈ ಕೊ ಕೋ ಕೌ ಕಂ ಕಃ

kUDi bALONa. sEri duDiyONa.

ಕೂಡಿ ಬಾಳೋಣ. ಸೇರಿ ದುಡಿಯೋಣ.

 

When two or more consecutive consonants appear in the input, they make a consonant conjunct. The first consonant takes the full form and the following consonants become half consonants.

 

Example:

rAjkumAr = ರಾಜ್ಕುಮಾರ್

sAPTwEr = ಸಾಫ್ಟ್ವೇರ್

 

‘ಹ’ consonant can be written in two ways; 'h' and '~h'. If you want to apply a ‘ಹ’ half consonant to consonants such as 'k', 'g', 't', 'd', etc, you have to use '~h' instead of of 'h'.

 

Example:

bakkiMghAm = ಬಕ್ಕಿಂಘಾಮ್

bakkiMg~hAm = ಬಕ್ಕಿಂಗ್ಹಾಮ್


 

ZWJ, ZWNJ characters:

 

^ = ZWJ (zero width joiner)

^^ = ZWNJ (zero width non joiner)

 

In Baraha Kannada phonetic keyboard, ZWJ is used only in one case. Normally, if 'r' comes in the beginning of a consonant conjunct, it forms the Arkavottu(ð). But, if ZWJ character immediately follows 'r' then it forms a ‘ರ’ consonant.

 

Example:

sUrya = ಸೂರ್ಯ

ryAMk = ರ್ಯಾಂಕ್

sUr^ya = ಸೂರ‍್ಯ

r^yAMk = ರ‍್ಯಾಂಕ್

 

If a dead consonant is required in the middle of a word, the ZWJ or ZWNJ character should be used after the consonant.

 

Example:

rAjkumAr = ರಾಜ್ಕುಮಾರ್

rAj^kumAr = ರಾಜ್‍ಕುಮಾರ್

rAj^^kumAr = ರಾಜ್‌ಕುಮಾರ್

 

sAPTwEr = ಸಾಫ್ಟ್ವೇರ್

sAPT^wEr = ಸಾಫ್ಟ್‍ವೇರ್

sAPT^^wEr = ಸಾಫ್ಟ್‌ವೇರ್

 

If two English characters are making one Kannada vowel (ex: ai, au), then, ZWJ or ZWNJ character can be used to separate them into different vowels.

 

Example:

iMDiyainPo = ಇಂಡಿಯೈನ್ಫೊ

iMDiya^inPo = ಇಂಡಿಯ‍ಇನ್ಫೊ