Writing Devanagari words using phonetic keyboard is as easy as writing our names in English. For example, मेरा भारत महान can be written as merA bhArat mahAn. Devanagari script used for Sanskrit, Hindi, and Marathi languages are supported in Baraha.

 

See: Phonetic Examples


Vowel:

अ = a, आ = A,aa, इ = i, ई = I,ee, उ = u, ऊ = U,oo, ऋ = Ru, ॠ = RU, ऌ = ~lu, ॡ = ~lU, ऍ(ॲ) = ~e,~a, ऎ = E, ए = e, ऐ = ai, ऑ = ~o, ऒ = O, ओ = o, औ = au,ou

 

= ~M

= M

= H

 

Consonant:

क = k, ख = K,kh, ग = g, घ = G,gh, ङ = ~g

च = c,ch, छ = C,Ch, ज = j, झ = J,jh, ञ = ~j

ट = T, ठ = Th, ड = D, ढ = Dh, ण = N

त = t, थ = th, द = d, ध = dh, न = n, ऩ = nx

प = p, फ = P,ph, ब = b, भ = B,bh, म = m

 

य = y, र = r, ऱ = rx, ल = l, ळ = L, ऴ = Lx, व = v,w, श = S,sh, ष = Sh, स = s, ह = h,~h

 

ज्ञ = j~ja

क्ष = kSha

 

Note: is used in Marathi language.

 

Others:

ऽ = &

ॐ = oum

₨ = Rs

Danda = |

Double Danda = ||

Zero Width Joiner = ^

Zero Width Non Joiner = ^^

 

Extended Characters:

The consonants with a nukta (dot) under them can be obtained by using the 'x' character following the respective consonants as shown below. These characters are mainly used for words borrowed from other languages.

 

Example:

= kx ----> हक़ीक़त = hakxIkxat

= Kx ----> ख़ुश = Kxush

= gx ----> पैग़ाम = paigxAm

= z,jx ----> बाज़ार = bAzAr(bAjxAr)

= Dx ----> खिलाड़ी = KilADxI

= Dhx ----> सीढ़ी = sIDhxI

= f,Px ---> काफ़ी = kAfI(kAPxI)

= Y,yx

 

Punctuation Marks:

The English symbols [ ] { } ( ) - + * / = ; : . , " ? ! % \ ~ _ translate into the same symbols in Devanagari also.

 

Quotation Marks:

` ' characters are converted to single smart quotes(‘ ’) characters. We can get double smart quotes(“ ”) by using them twice.


When a consonant character is followed by a vowel character, it results in a live consonant.

 

Example

ka kA ki kI ku kU kRu kRU k~lu k~lU k~e ke kE kai k~o ko kO kau kaM kaH

क का कि की कु कू कृ कॄ कॢ कॣ कॅ के कॆ कै कॉ को कॊ कौ कं कः

bhAShAsu mukhyA madhurA divyA gIrvANabhAratI.

भाषासु मुख्या मधुरा दिव्या गीर्वाणभारती.

 

Note:

In the Hindi/Marati phonetic keyboard, an implicit 'a' matra is assumed for the last consonant of the word. But, in Sanskrit transilteraion, 'a' matra has to be explicitly specified for the last consonant of the word. Otherwise, the halant sign would be used for the same.

 

Example:

<lang=san>k,c,T,t,p --> क्,च्,ट्,त्,प्

<lang=hin>k,c,T,t,p --> ka,ca,Ta,ta,pa --> क,च,ट,त,प

 

When two or more consecutive consonants appear in the input, they make a consonant conjunct. The last consonant takes the full form and the preceding consonants become half consonants.

 

Example:

nyAy = न्याय

 

‘ह’ consonant can be written in two ways; 'h', '~h'. If you want to use a ‘ह’ in conjuncts where the first consonant is 'k', 'g', 't', 'd', etc, you have to use '~h' instead of of 'h'.

 

Example:

bakkiMghAm = बक्किंघाम

bakkiMg~hAm = बक्किंग्हाम


 

ZWJ, ZWNJ characters:

 

^ = ZWJ (zero width joiner)

^^ = ZWNJ (zero width non joiner)

 

Usually when a consonant cluster (two or more consecutive consonants) occurs, it will be rendered as a ligature if that is available in the font. The ZWJ and ZWNJ can be used to produce an alternate rendering of the ligatures.

 

If a consonant is followed by the ZWJ, half-form of the consonant is formed.

 

Example:

rakShaNa = रक्षण

rak^ShaNa = रक्‍षण

shakti = शक्ति

shak^ti = शक्‍ति

 

If 'r' consonant is followed by ZWJ, Marathi half-ra (eyelash form) is resulted.

 

Example:

karaNAr^yA = करणार्‍या

 

If a dead consonant (consonant with halant symbol) is required, the ZWNJ character should be used after the consonant.

 

Example:

rAj^^kumAr = राज्‌कुमार

rAjkumAr^^ = राज्कुमार्‌

 

If two English characters are making one Devanagari vowel (ex: ai, ou), then, ZWJ or ZWNJ character can be used to separate them into different vowels.

 

Example:

iMDiyainfo = इंडियैन्फ़ो

iMDiya^info = इंडिय‍इन्फ़ो

iMDiya^^info = इंडिय‌इन्फ़ो