Writing Bengali words using phonetic keyboard scheme is as easy as writing our names in English. For example, ভারত আমার দেশ can be written as bhArat AmAr desh. Bengali script used for Bengali, Assamese, and Manipuri languages are supported in Baraha.

 

See: Phonetic Examples


Vowel:

অ = a, আ = A,aa, ই = i, ঈ = I,ee, উ = u, ঊ = U,oo, ঋ = Ru, ৠ = RU, এ = e,E, ঐ = ai,oi ও = o,O, ঔ = au,ou

 

= ~M

= M

= H

 

Consonant:

ক = k, খ = K,kh, গ = g, ঘ = G,gh, ঙ = ~g

চ = c,ch, ছ = C,Ch, জ = j, ঝ = J,jh, ঞ = ~j

ট = T, ঠ = Th, ড = D, ঢ = Dh, ণ = N

ত = t, থ = th, দ = d, ধ = dh, ন = n

প = p, ফ = P,ph, ব = b,v, ভ = B,bh, ম = m

 

য = Y, য় = y,Yx, র(ৰ) = r, ল = l,L, ব = v,w, শ = S,sh, ষ = Sh, স = s, হ = h,~h

 

ড় = Dx

ঢ় = Dhx

 

জ্ঞ = j~ja

ক্ষ = kSha

ক্য = kYa (YA PHALA)

 

Note: and are used in Assamese language.

 

Others:

ঽ = &

₨ = Rs

Danda = |

Double Danda = ||

Zero Width Joiner = ^

Zero Width Non Joiner = ^^

 

Punctuation Marks:

The English symbols [ ] { } ( ) - + * / = ; : . , " ? ! % \ ~ _ # $ translate into the same symbols in Bengali also.

 

Quotation Marks:

` ' characters are converted to single smart quotes(‘ ’) characters. We can get double smart quotes(“ ”) by using them twice.


When a consonant character is followed by a vowel character, it results in a live consonant.

 

Example

ka kA ki kI ku kU kRu kRU ke kai ko kau kaM kaH

ক কা কি কী কু কূ কৃ কৄ কে কৈ কো কৌ কং কঃ

Ami bhAratIY

আমি ভারতীয

 

Note:

In the Bengali phonetic keyboard, an implicit 'a' matra is assumed for the last consonant of the word.

 

Example:

k,c,T,t,p --> ka,ca,Ta,ta,pa -->ক,চ,ট,ত,প

 

When two or more consecutive consonants appear in the input, they make a consonant conjunct. The last consonant takes the full form and the preceding consonants become half consonants.

 

Example:

nyAy = ন্য়ায়

 

‘হ’ consonant can be written in two ways; 'h', '~h'. If you want to apply a ‘হ’ half consonant to consonants such as 'k', 'g', 't', 'd', etc, you have to use '~h' instead of of 'h'.

 

Example:

bakkiMghAm = বক্কিংঘাম

bakkiMg~hAm = বক্কিংগ্হাম


 

ZWJ, ZWNJ characters:

 

^ = ZWJ (zero width joiner)

^^ = ZWNJ (zero width non joiner)

 

Usually when a consonant cluster (two or more consecutive consonants) occurs, it will be rendered as a ligature if that is available in the font. The ZWJ and ZWNJ can be used to produce an alternate rendering of the ligatures.

 

If a consonant is followed by the ZWJ, half-form of the consonant is formed.

 

Example:

rakShaNa = রক্ষণ

rak^ShaNa = রক্‍ষণ

 

If a dead consonant (consonant with hasant symbol) is required, the ZWNJ character should be used after the consonant.

 

Example:

rAj^^kumAr = রাজ্‌কুমার

rAjkumAr^^ = রাজ্কুমার্‌

 

If two English characters are making one Bengali vowel (ex: ai, ou), then, ZWJ or ZWNJ character can be used to separate them into different vowels.

 

Example:

iMDiYainPo = ইংডিযৈন্ফো

iMDiYa^inPo = ইংডিয‍ইন্ফো

iMDiYa^^inPo = ইংডিয‌ইন্ফো